Emotivism: The assertion that all individual ethical judgments are purely expressions of one's own attitude intended to change the actions or attitudes of others.
Eclecticism: A conceptual approach that does not stick to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories or styles to gain a more varied or balanced insight into something.
Dualism: The conviction that all concepts within the world fundamentally consist of two contrasting qualities, such as good and evil, or body and mind.
Determinism: The proposition that all events, including those of human thoughts, are causally determined by an unbroken chain of prior events.
Constructivism: The view that reality, and the methods we use to understand it, are man-made, subjective constructions rather than an objective reading of events.
Collectivism: A view that places emphasis on the group over the individual, often holding the belief that the "greater good" of the group is more important than the good of any individual within in.
Capitalism: An economic system based on the production of goods for profit, and the private ownership of the means of production.
Altruism: The practice and principle of using actions to benefit others, expecting nothing in return.